Top 10 Of The Oldest Cities In The World…Cities with millennial history are totally different these days than how it used to be a few thousand years ago, they were much more than just boasting beautiful architecture and unique artifacts yet they are remarkably few ancient cities stand today established by ancient civilizations. They are signs of previous epochs and civilizations and some of area’s religious or cultural significance, some of them even predates the Roman Empire or the Greeks before them. Some of the oldest cities in the world are full of historical record with amazing stories and legends, and are still standing to this day.
Let’s find out a little bit about ten oldest cities in the world that are nearly as old as the hills, more than just the scars of history on which they were built and how well they have withstood the test of time. You can also get inspired with other locations using some of our past articles Top 10 Most Amazing UNESCO World Heritage Sites In The World and Top 25 Gorgeous Castles Around The World to help get you started planning your next holiday to discover other top attraction.
Jericho is believed to be the oldest city in the world. .It has a significant history for all religions especially the Jewish; it was the first city captured by the Israelites upon entering the holy land of Canaan following their 40 years of wandering with prophet Musa in the desert after the exodus from Egypt. Excavations in this ancient small city which located within the Palestinian Territories near the Jordan River in the West Bank under the Israeli-occupation, close to the end of Dead Sea and Jerusalem showed Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) hunters made visits to the region 11,000 years ago. Jericho being the oldest human settlements in the Middle East it showed series of independent communities that had been established by 8,000 BC, discovering of wheat and barley implied this evidence. There are numerous laces to see such as Tell es-Sultan, Shalom al Yisrael Synagogue Mosaic Floor, Hisham’s Palace , Tomb of Moses/ Maqam an Nabi Musa , Mountain of Temptation, Jesus’ Baptismal site/ Qasr al Yahoud, Qumaran Caves, Wadi Qelt Synagogue, Naaran Synagogue, The Monastery of Gerasimus of the Jordan and Sycamore Tree of Jericho.
2-Faiyum, Egypt ( Shedet);
Faiyum is one of the oldest cities in Egypt that are still inhibited. Faiyum is inhabited since around 4,000 BC, is among the world’s oldest continually settled cities. It rests not too far south of Cairo around 100km to the south-west of Cairo, and originally named Crocodilopolis by the Greeks; ‘Crocodile City’. The town, was the main religious centre of the crocodile god, Sobek, were a sacred crocodile was kept in Lake Moeris.
3-Ancient City of Aleppo, Syria;
Aleppo and its surrounding region dates bake to 8,000- 13, 000 years ago, the oldest known human settlement in the world. This ancient settlement between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia made it significant trade routes, most significantly upon end of the Silk Road that passed through central Asia and Mesopotamia, and became the center of the ancient world. Commercial decline began to Aleppo since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869.
Over the years, it’d been subjected to invasions and instability by the Hittite then the Assyrian, Greek and Persian. Romans, Byzantines and Arabs held Aleppo for decays before it was besieged by the crusaders, after which it came under Mongol and Ottoman control respectively. Syria is an unlucky country which an internal war goes over till the day.
4. Jerusalem Israel;
Jerusalem is one of those places that hold a wealth of spiritual and religious treasure it have been sprung up between 4,000 and 5,000 years ago in the thriving Levant region. Jerusalem is known to be a holy place for several of the world’s great religions; Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Unfortunately, in 1981 Jerusalem’s Old City has also been added to the list of World Heritage Sites in danger due to modern-day urban development, tourism and cultural turmoil.
Athens the capital and largest city of Greece has an interesting history; it was situated on a huge hill of Acropolis and below, in the area around the Agora. It’s been inhabited for more than 7,000 years, first as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city to symbolize the whole of the country. The ancient home of outstanding philosophers and the birthplace of Western civilization from writers, dramatists, artists, and the classical style which made the old city a cultural, media, educational, political, and industrial center of Greece. Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery.
Damascus is the capital city of Syria and the second-largest city after Aleppo. It is widely believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city on earth, with evidence of habitation dating back as early as 1000 BCE according to archeologists. Damascus is The World’s Oldest City UNESCO World Heritage. The city had some historical attractions- 125 monuments from different periods of its history; Greek, Roman, Arab and Ottoman.
7-Argos, Greece ;
Argos is the oldest city in Europe which has been inhabited from prehistoric times for about the last 7,000 years to the present day.
Beirut the “Paris of the East, is the capital and largest city of Lebanon and one of the oldest continually inhabited cities dates as far back as 14th century BC. With a history stretching as far back as 5000 years ago, the city’s architecture is a manifestation of various styles, such as Ottoman, Greek, Phoenician, Hellenistic, Italianate, French, Mamluke Arab and others.
9. Cholula, Mexico ;
Over 2,500 years ago, Cholula was an important city of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica developed from numerous scattered villages serving a trading outpost. The most prominent attraction of the city is the immense pyramid the Great Pyramid of Cholula the largest man-made monument in the Americas, and the largest pyramid structure by volume in the world having a sanctuary on the top.
10. Varanasi, The City Of Temples,India;
The holy city of India, Varanasi, is more than 5,000 years old located on the banks of the river Ganges, and According to Hindu legend it is the oldest city in the world may be because it is the oldest city in India and the holiest, but evidence of habitation it goes back to 3,000 years. Varanasi is an important site of pilgrimage for Hindus for ages and wanderers. Mark Twain once said of the city, “Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together.”