Tour De France Martinique Caribbean Islands…Martinique is for all kind of lovers, beach, foodies, divers, hikers, and nature-watching. Martinique is an overseas department of France much more sunnier, slightly less crowded than France the motherland.
Like Guadeloupe, located in the Caribbean Sea in the Lesser Antilles in the semitropical zone, Martinique is one of the Caribbean’s most beautiful islands. It is an overseas department of France, consisting of a single overseas department, north of St. Lucia and south of Dominica known as a DOM – Department d’outre Mer with a land area of 1,128 km2 (436 sq mi). Of all the French West Indies, Martinique is the most French, the official language is French.
The island was originally occupied first by Arawak from South America. It was charted by in 1493, the first European to encounter the island. Columbus landed on Martinique (near Le Carbet) in 1502 during his fourth voyage to the ‘New World.’ it was inhabited by the Carib peoples, who called the island Madinina, which means ‘Island of Flowers’ and it has remained so as there are botanical gardens tucked into the rugged landscape. However, but Spain had little interest in the territory. The Spanish were pursuing more profitable islands at the time and sailed south for greener pastures.Three decades passed before the first party of French settlers.
Martinique was claimed by France in 1635 from the northwest side of the island, island of St Kitts by Pierre Belain d’ Esnambuc. There they built a small fort and established a settlement that would become the capital city, St-Pierre. and over the next few decades, despite several interludes of British occupation (as the British also took a keen interest in Martinique) once during the Seven Years’ War and twice during the Napoleonic Wars, the French took control of the island in 1815. It has remained a French possession In 1946 and was transformed into an overseas department, being one of the twenty-seven regions of France with a status similar to those of metropolitan departments. As part of France, Martinique is part of the European Union.
By 1888, Martinique’s population neared 175,000. Martinique island is a Volcanic in origin, dominated by Mount Pelee. On May 8, 1902, in the most devastating natural disaster in Caribbean history, Mt. Pelee volcano erupted,completely destroying the once thriving capital city of Saint Pierre, and claiming the lives of 30,000 residents in less than three-minutes.
The north of the island is mountainous and lushly rain forests and the black sand beaches. It features four ensembles of pitons (volcanoes) and mornes (mountains). The active volcano Montagne Pelée rises to a height of 1,397m (4,582 ft.). Its volcanic ash has created gray and black sand beaches it worth seeing. The Pitons du Carbet it’s peak reaching a 1,188m (3,897-ft.) summit. The Pitons du Carbet is an ensemble of five extinct volcanoes dominating the Bay of Fort de France. Fort-de-France,the largest city, and one of the most beautiful ports in the Caribbean. The south is more easily traversed, there are many beautiful beaches with a lot of tourist traffic,and many impressive geographic features. The interior of the island is smaller mountainous, with Carbet Peak reaching a 1,188m (3,897-ft.) summit.